Population growth rate: 2.45% (2016 est.)
Major urban areas - population: MAPUTO (capital) 1.187 million; Matola 937,000 (2015)
Source: CIA Fact book
Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania
Coast line: 2,470 km
Irrigated land: 1,180 sq km (2012)
GDP: $14.69 billion (2015 est.)
The Government of Mozambique (GoM), together with the African Development Bank and other key development partners, launched an ambitious, high-level Roadmap for a Green Economy (GER), in which it established the objective of becoming: …an inclusive middle-income country by 2030, based on protection, restoration and rational use of natural capital and its ecosystem services to guarantee development that is sustainable, inclusive and efficient, within the planetary limits.” (GoM 2011 GER, p. 24).
To operationalize the ambitious goals of the GER, the government prepared a Green Economy Action Plan (GEAP). The GEAP was to shape the government's 5-year plan (PQG) and provide the basis for greening the National Development Strategy (ENDE).
The Project Area: Bilene and Chokwe Districts
The Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER) selected two districts (Bilene and Chokwe) as pilot districts for the project. Baseline surveys were conducted by the National Technical Institution; the Catholic University of Mozambique to identify priority sectors, analyse the socio-economic development and document the status regarding green economy transition.
From the baseline surveys; the priority sectors identified are:
Bilene District: Tourism, fisheries and agriculture
Chokwe district: Agriculture and Water.
Workshops and trainings were carried out at the sub-national level to support the implementation of the Green Economy approach:
The inception mission was carried out to with the aim of developing a common understanding of the project and its modality implementation by all partners and lay down the basis for its effective implementation at the country level.
An understanding of the project objectives by the national partners
Identification of the Catholic University of Mozambique as the National Technical Institution
Clarification of the project coordination modality in the country (MITADER was identified as the lead institution for the government in implementation of the project; the Catholic University was identified as the National Technical Institution to provide technical back-up support to the pilot districts)
Clarification of the project implementation modality especially on the expected support from UNEP and GIZ
Training of trainers of trainers & district experts;
Identification of Green Economy development options per sector based on the step-by-step toolkit and baseline reports;
Feasibility assessment of Green Economy options, cross-sectoral impacts and synergies.
Experts trained in usage of the step by step guide for green economy planning;
District specific priorities identified based on national and district-related policies, strategies and action plans;
Identification of Green Economy options including measurable actions per sector for potential integration into Annual Development Plans (PESODS) at district level.
support the pilot districts develop financing strategies for the greened development plans.
Identify possible sources of funds within the country to fill the financial gaps of the pilot districts
Training district planning experts on how to develop bankable project proposals for different sectors.
Financing strategies for Bilene and Chokwe were developed targeting specific green economy projects.