Population: 25,930,150

Age structure:

  • -14 years: 44.92% (male 5,856,623/female 5,791,519)
  • 15-24 years: 21.51% (male 2,741,474/female 2,835,474)
  • 25-54 years: 27.24% (male 3,301,883/female 3,762,626)
  • 55-64 years: 3.42% (male 425,312/female 462,125)
  • 65 years and over: 2.9% (male 345,408/female 407,706) (2016 est.)

Median age:

  • Total: 17.1 years
  • Male: 16.5 years
  • Female: 17.7 years (2016 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.45% (2016 est.)

Major urban areas - population: MAPUTO (capital) 1.187 million; Matola 937,000 (2015)

Source: CIA Fact book

GDP Annual Growth rate: 6.3% (2015 est)

GDP Contributor by main sector:

  • Agriculture: 25.5%
  • Industry: 20.1%
  • Services: 54.4% (2015 est.)

Sources: World Bank, CIA Fact book

Location: Southeastern Africa, bordering the Mozambique Channel, between South Africa and Tanzania


  • total: 799,380 sq km
  • land: 786,380 sq km
  • water: 13,000 sq km

Coast line: 2,470 km

Maritime claims:

  • territorial sea: 12 nm
  • exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Land use:

  • Agricultural land: 49950 (1000 Ha) 2013 est.
  • Arable land 6.4% permanent crops 0.3% permanent pasture 49.6%
  • Forest: 43.7%
  • Other: 0% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land: 1,180 sq km (2012)

Source: CIA Fact book, FAO

GDP: $14.69 billion (2015 est.)

The Case of Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique (GoM), together with the African Development Bank and other key development partners, launched an ambitious, high-level Roadmap for a Green Economy (GER), in which it established the objective of becoming: …an inclusive middle-income country by 2030, based on protection, restoration and rational use of natural capital and its ecosystem services to guarantee development that is sustainable, inclusive and efficient, within the planetary limits.” (GoM 2011 GER, p. 24).

To operationalize the ambitious goals of the GER, the government prepared a Green Economy Action Plan (GEAP). The GEAP was to shape the government's 5-year plan (PQG) and provide the basis for greening the National Development Strategy (ENDE).
The Project Area: Bilene and Chokwe Districts

The Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (MITADER) selected two districts (Bilene and Chokwe) as pilot districts for the project. Baseline surveys were conducted by the National Technical Institution; the Catholic University of Mozambique to identify priority sectors, analyse the socio-economic development and document the status regarding green economy transition.

From the baseline surveys; the priority sectors identified are:

  • Bilene District: Tourism, fisheries and agriculture

  • Chokwe district: Agriculture and Water.

Integrating the Green Economy approach into sub-governmental planning

Workshops and trainings were carried out at the sub-national level to support the implementation of the Green Economy approach:

Inception workshop


The inception mission was carried out to with the aim of developing a common understanding of the project and its modality implementation by all partners and lay down the basis for its effective implementation at the country level.   


  • An understanding of the project objectives by the national partners

  • Identification of the Catholic University of Mozambique as the National Technical Institution

  • Clarification of the project coordination modality in the country (MITADER was identified as the lead institution for the government in implementation of the project; the Catholic University was identified as the National Technical Institution to provide technical back-up support to the pilot districts)

  • Clarification of the project implementation modality especially on the expected support from UNEP and GIZ

Training workshops


  • Training of trainers of trainers & district experts;

  • Identification of Green Economy development options per sector based on the step-by-step toolkit and baseline reports;

  • Feasibility assessment of Green Economy options, cross-sectoral impacts and synergies.


  • Experts trained in usage of the step by step guide for green economy planning;

  • District specific priorities identified based on national and district-related policies, strategies and action plans;

  • Identification of Green Economy options including measurable actions per sector for potential integration into Annual Development Plans (PESODS) at district level.

Resource mobilization workshop


  • support the pilot districts develop financing strategies for the greened development plans.

  • Identify possible sources of funds within the country to fill the financial gaps of the pilot districts

  • Training district planning experts on how to develop bankable project proposals for different sectors.


  • Financing strategies for Bilene and Chokwe were developed targeting specific green economy projects.